Patients with either type I or type II diabetes are more likely to have gum diseases than other patients without diabetes, perhaps due to diabetics being far more susceptible to contracting infections. In fact, periodontal diseases are often considered part of the many complications of diabetes.
Those patients who struggle to control their sugar levels are more at risk for developing oral health illnesses. Studies have suggested this is the case when comparing an increase in periodontal disease between poorly controlled type II diabetics and well-controlled type II diabetics. Furthermore, research has come forth suggesting that the relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease can go both ways as sufferers of periodontal illness have found it more difficult to keep their blood sugar levels in line.
There is an increase in blood sugar levels amongst sufferers of severe periodontal disease, which can lead to increased periods of time when the body functions with an elevated blood sugar levels. This puts more risk on diabetic patients for even more complications from diabetes. Therefore, it is doubly important to treat periodontal diseases as quickly and efficiently as possible.
Diabetic Controls - Just like other diabetic complications, periodontal disease is linked to controlling blood sugar levels. Patients who cannot control their blood sugar levels will get more gum diseases more often with more severe reactions as do patients with good control of their blood sugar. Furthermore, patients who have their diabetes under control will have no more periodontal disease than patients without diabetes. Children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or IDDM are also at greater risk for gum related issues. Keeping your diabetes under control is vitally important for preventing oral health issues. In addition, research has shown that controlling blood sugar levels can have significant effects on lowering damage to the eyes, heart disease, and nerve damage.
Blood Vessel Changes - Hardening of the blood vessels is a diabetes complication that can increase the risk for periodontal disease. These blood vessels deliver nutrition and oxygen to the body tissues and help carry away toxins and waste products. When the blood vessel are thickened, it slows the amount of oxygen and nutrients and lowers the removal of harmful wastes. The resistance can eventually weaken the gum and bone tissues and can lead to infections.
Bacteria - Several kinds of bacteria thrive on the sugars linked to diabetes. If diabetes is poorly maintained, high levels of glucose in the fluids of the mouth can aid the growth of germs and may may help germs grow and promote periodontal diseases.
Smoking - The effects of smoking on cancer, heart and lung disease are well known. Research has shown that smoking also increases the risk of establishing gum diseases as smokers are more than five times more likely to develop gum disease. Diabetic smokers run an even higher risk of developing oral health conditions. Furthermore, diabetic smokers over the age of 45 are twenty times more likely to get a severe periodontal disease.
Gum diseases are infections of the gum tissues and bone structures that hold the teeth in position. Advanced stages of gum disease can lead to uncomfortable chewing problems and may eventually cause tooth loss. Also, gum disease can make it harder to maintain blood sugar levels.
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